Here are some very helpful tips on different types of poems.
1. Lyric: subjective, reflective poetry with regular rhyne scheme and which reveals the poet's thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression.
2. Narrative: non-dramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter, which relates a story or narrative.
3. Sonnet(lyric): a rigid 14 line verse form, with variable structure and scheme according to type:A. Shakespearean(English): 3 quatrains and concluding couplet in iambic pentameter, rhymin abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg.
B. Italian(Petrarchan): an octave and sestet, between which a break thought occurs. The traditional rhyme scheme is abbe abbe cafe cafe the sestet, any variation of c,d,e.
4. Ode(lyric): elaborate lyric verse, which deals seriously with a dignified theme.
5. Blank Verse: unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.
6. Free Verse: unrhymed lines without regular rhythm.
7. EPic: a long, dignified narrative poem, which gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race.
8. Dramatic Monologue: a lyric poem, which the speaker tells an audience about a dramatic moment in his/her life and, in doing so, revels his/her character.
9. Elegy(lyric): a poem of lament, meditating on the death of an individual.
10. Ballad(lyric): simple, narrative verse which tells a story to be sung or recited; the folk band is anonymously handed down, while the literary ballad has a single author.
11. Idyll or Pastoral(lyric): lyric poetry describing the life of the shepard in pastoral, bucolic, idealistic terms.
12. Villanelle(lyric): a French verse from strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous: fiev tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines 1,6,12,18 and 3,9,15,19 are refrain.
13. Light Verse: a general category of poetry written to entertain, such as lyric poetry, epigrams, and limericks. It can also have a serious side, as in parody or satire.
14. Haiku: Japanese verse in three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, often depicting a delicate image.
15. Limerick: humorous nonsense verse in five anapestic lines rhyming aabba: a-lines being trimeter and b-lines dimeter.